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When the U.S. chased the Taliban out of Afghanistan, it found healthcare conditions in Afghanistan to be among the worst in the world. The Department of Defense has worked to develop a health care system for the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) which will provide combat casualty care, evacuation for surgical services, and restorative and rehabilitative care to return Afghan soldiers and police to duty. These efforts include reconstruction, organizing, mentoring and training of Afghan health professionals. Since the fall of the Taliban in 2001, health care conditions in Afghanistan have improved significantly despite continuing instability.

Furthermore, Department of Defense and U.S. civilian departments such as the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) are working more closely together on health care issues in Afghanistan, engaging in interagency coordination meetings and improved communication. FHP&R’s International Health Division convened a large global medical conference in May, 2009 in Arlington, Virginia that brought together DoD, U.S. government interagency, international and Afghan health leaders to discuss collective ways of “Building Health Security in Contemporary Afghanistan.”

Please click here to access the Building Health Security in Contemporary Afghanistan conference page .
A member, of Afghan Veterinarian Association, left, administers medical aid to livestock of the villagers, of Barbur Valley in Konar province, Afghanistan, May 2, 2010. The veterinary outreach and sustainment operation was conducted by U.S. Soldiers, of 40th Infantry Division, Agricultural Development Team of California National Guard. (U.S. Army photo by Spc. Lorenzo Ware/Released)